Everyone engaged in technology today is using some form of social media. Law enforcement is learning to deal with it and so are the criminals. Gang members have found it to be a great communication source and are regularly using social media to keep in contact. MySpace, Facebook and especially Bebo, have become popular places for gang members to hang out. The term used to describe gang members activity online is Cyberbanging. Cyberbanging isn’t a brand new term, but it is probably not widely known outside of its gang member users.
General intelligence collection is a task that the web can offer gang investigators. Blogs, social media pages, tweets can all give the law enforcement gang investigator valuable information about the goings on in a gang and potential strife between varying factions.
Law enforcement generally identifies a criminal street gang by having 3 or more members, common symbols or leadership, and gathering together to commit crimes or a continuing criminal conduct (or enterprise). They also generally classify gang members according to one of four criteria: 1) self admission, 2) a reliable informant confirms membership, 3) an unreliable informant confirms, and a second source corroborates, and 4) via confirmed law enforcement source.
The Internet can help identify gang affiliation by finding the members’ self admissions, i.e. photos of gang activity, comments indicating gang activity and being the corroborated source of information. A member’s MySpace page can contain significant information about them and their activities.
Those investigating gang members need to look on the Internet for potential members of their local gangs. Failing to do so could potentially overlook threats or trophy shots of criminal behavior that could prevent or solve crimes. In the worst cases, they may find the evidence to support a murder as a gang related crime as in the Jamiel Shaw case in Los Angeles. By many reports Jamiel was a star athlete. The dark side of his life was his Cyberbanging as a member of the Bloods. His MySpace page tells a very different story of his life then many people thought. There he allegedly proclaimed his gang membership and flashed gang signs.
Documenting this kind of online activity easily supports a law enforcement agency’s investigation into gang activity.